email: tfl3543@blackfoot.net

BEAR RIVER ZEOLITE CO., INC.
4005 East Glendale Road
Preston, ID 83263

tel: 406-827-3523
fax: 406-827-3543

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GOLF AND TURF AID

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

  • Mineral: Natural zeolite primarily clinoptilolite (see spec sheet)

  • Size: 14 x 40

  • GRAS: Classified “GRAS” (generally regarded as safe) under 21 CFR Part 182.2729, 40 CFR Part 180.1001

  • Surface Area: 24.9 square meters per gram

  • Moisture: Holds up to 55% of its weight in water

  • Weight: 55 pounds per cubic foot

  • CEC: Cation exchange capacity (CEC) 140 to 160 meq/100 grams (ammonium- N)

  • Potassium: 3.47%

  • Calcium: 1.6%

  • Sodium: <0.5% (no water soluble sodium)

  • Color: Pale green when dry, dark green when wet

  • Hydrophilic
     

APPLICATION

For the construction of new golf course greens and tees, lawns, gardens, or for sandy soils replace 10 to 20 % of the sand with an equal volume of BRZ™. This should be applied in the top 2 to 4 inches. For top dressing, approximately 30 to 60 pounds should be applied per 1,000 square feet or 1,200 to 2,500 pounds per acre. To enhance aerification after plugging, apply 60 to 150 pounds per 1,000 square feet or 2,500 to 6,500 pounds per acre. For crops and grasses successful improvements have been realized with as little as 1 ton per acre. Generally, 2 to 10 tons per acre are applied depending on the composition of the soil being treated. BRZ™ can be spread by hand broadcasting, using a manure spreader, or by other devices. Although top dressing works, generally it is better to till the BRZ™ in the top 2 to 4 inches with a rototiller, spike tooth harrow, or a disc harrow. Plowing BRZ™ in, places it deeper than necessary. For row crops such as corn or soybeans, BRZ™ can be applied with a side disc or by side banding. After application the area must be irrigated and fertilized, because fresh BRZ™ will absorb moisture and nutrients from the surrounding soil and can result in dehydration and nutrient starvation of the plants or grasses until an equilibrium has been reached.

(download artificial grass infill brochure)

 

BENEFITS

  •  It has a higher cation exchange capacity for ammonium than any natural clinoptilolite commercially available in the western U.S. This quality favors greater retention of ammonium (NH4+) when the turf or soil is fertilized with highly soluble ammonium-based fertilizers.  This product contains approximately 85 ± 5% clinoptilolite which is a concentration that is significantly higher than any other high potassium, low sodium, clinoptilolite that is commercially produced in the U.S. This accounts for the higher cation exchange capacity of the product.

  • It has a high surface area (pore space) of about 24.9 m2/gram (as measured quantitatively by gas adsorption.

  • This property allows a high capacity for water retention inside the granules, and also provides space for soil aeration. The high capacity for water @ 55% will aid in reducing water consumption in dry climates.

  • When mixed with animal or poultry manure this product provides a temporary storage for ammonium and will reduce the odor of the manures. Use of the product on crops is consistent with the “Organic Grown” USDA regulations for labeling produce and field crops as “Organic Grown” for marketing purposes.

  • The pale green color is attractive when placed on turf grasses.

  • The low concentration of exchangeable sodium avoids potentially plant toxic sodium accumulation in soil.

  • Moderate physical strength and lack of clay minerals and high pore space and permeability provides a material which promotes aeration in soil, whereas other clinoptilolite with low physical strength and layer silicates such as clay minerals tend to pack and thereby reduce aeration and also provide physical barriers to water movement in the soil.

  • This material has more cation-exchangeable potassium than any other commercially produced clinoptilolite in the western U.S.

The low concentrations of potentially toxic trace elements comply with State and Federal regulations regarding the amounts of these in materials contained in fertilizer and soil amendment products.

 

BEAR RIVER ZEOLITE

Mineral Constituents: chiefly clinoptilolite (85 ± 5%) with minor or trace amounts of opal CT, quartz, mica and plagioclase.

Trace Element: Concentrations of selected trace elements in parts per million (ppm) are:

As <2-2 ppm

Cd <1 ppm

Hg <1 ppm

Pb 17-22 ppm

Se <1 ppm

[Trace elements determined with a Sepctro X-lab 200 EDXRF (USGS Open-File Report 2000-475]

 

Chemical Composition

Oxide

Weight %

Oxide

Weight %

SiO2

67.4

Al2O3

10.6

Fe2O3

1.7

MgO

0.45

CaO

2.23

Na2O

0.59

K2O

4.19

TiO2

0.27

P2O5

0.10

MnO

<0.01

LOI, 925o

11.4

 

 

*Source: USGS    Open-File Report    99-17
Diluent minerals include traces or minor amounts of quartz, mica, and opaline silica
Bulk Density @ 2.0-4.0 mm dia. = 54.5 lbs/ft3.
Bulk density @ < 1 mm dia. = 66.4 lbs/ft3.

 

ZEOLITE COMPARISONS

The following table presents data giving the comparisons of bulk chemistry, mineralogy, surface area, and ammonium exchange capacity for Bear River Zeolite versus other clinoptilolites for sale by producers or marketers in the U.S. and Canada, with references to the sources of “public available” information. 


 

Deposit or Marketer:

Location:

Zeotech

Tilden, TX

St. Cloud Mining

Winston, NM

Bear River Zeolite

Preston, ID

Oxide, weight %

Ca-rich

 

K-rich

SiO2

65.4

65.70

67.40

Al2O3

12.1

12.00

10.60

Fe2O3

1.11

1.28

1.70

MgO

0.90

1.27

0.45

CaO

4.39

3.08

2.23

Na2O

1.11

0.60

0.59

K2O

1.18

2.27

4.19

TiO2

0.19

0.22

0.27

P2O5

0.09

0.12

0.10

MnO

0.10

0.06

<0.01

LOI 925OC

12.20

12.30

11.4

Data Source

-------------USGS Open-File Report 99-14----------------

Diluent Minerals: (by XRD)

"cristobalite”

“clay” calcite

"cristobalite”

quartz, mica, plagioclase

"cristobalite”

quartz, mica

Surface area(m2/g)

67.1

14.1

24.9

Nitrogen exchange capacity

1.48%

1.33%

1.85-2.2%

 

 

 

-------------USGS Open-File Report 96-661 table 10 for exchanged Nitrogen ----------------

Deposit or Marketer:

Location:

 

Ash Meadows Zeolite

Armagosa Valley, NV

 

Oxide, Wt %

 

101

102

 

SiO2

 

66.90

68.90

 

Al2O3

 

10.50

11.00

 

Fe2O3

 

0.92

0.88

 

MgO

 

0.57

0.34

 

CaO

 

1.15

1.17

 

Na2O

 

2.95

3.20

 

K2O

 

4.12

5.05

 

TiO2

 

0.11

0.11

 

P2O5

 

n.r.

n.r.

 

MnO

 

0.03

0.02

 

LOI 925OC

 

9.00

9.40

 

Data source

 

www.badgerminingcorp.com

 

Diluent Minerals: (by XRD)

 

quartz, calcite, orthoclase

 

Nitrogen exchange capacity

--------------not known for these ---------------------

Surface area(m2/g)

 

14.5

14.5